Beeswax is a natural fatty substance secreted by bees themselves. It is mainly used to build comb spleen and cover mature honey, as well as cover bee pupae. After being artificially purified, high-quality beeswax can be used for Chinese medicine packaging, food packaging, cosmetics, and plant growth agents. The poor-quality beeswax can be used for metal rust prevention, anticorrosion protective agent, machine lubricant in modern industry, as well as printing, textile, electronics, casting, agriculture, etc., and it has a wide range of applications.
Although the application of beeswax is very wide, with the development of modern industry, beeswax has been replaced by industrial wax, but now we are going to talk about natural beeswax. We will talk about industrial wax later. Natural beeswax mainly includes Apis Cerana Beeswax and Apis Mellifera Beeswax. Due to the different collection habits of these two types of bees, there are two different qualities of natural beeswax. What is the difference between these two kinds of natural beeswax? Which natural beeswax is of better quality?
The difference in appearance
Apis Cerana Beeswax has ripples on the surface, poor gloss, and weak reflective effect. Although the gloss is poor, it has a texture and is a beeswax with a matte surface. West beeswax has ripples on the surface, the color is brighter, the gloss is higher, and the reflective effect is stronger, but the texture is not strong. It is a beeswax with a bright surface.
2. The difference in color
Apis Cerana Beeswax has the same general color as Apis Mellifera Beeswax, including yellow, light yellow, tan, white, etc. However, the surface of Apis Mellifera Beeswax has different degrees of turquoise, greenish brown and tan propolis. This is because western bees have the habit of collecting propolis, so Apis Mellifera Beeswax contains different degrees of propolis, which cannot be filtered out. Mix directly with beeswax. The Chinese honey bee does not collect propolis, so Apis Cerana Beeswax does not contain propolis. The purity of beeswax is higher and the color is brighter.
3. The difference in structure
The structure of Apis Cerana Beeswax is different from that of Apis Mellifera Beeswax. Through the comparison of the broken section, it can be found that the internal structure of eastern beeswax is thick, the broken section is neat, the crystal is fine, and there is no white granular material. The internal structure of Apis Mellifera Beeswax is loose, not as thick as eastern beeswax, the crystal is relatively rough, and there are a few white particles.
The difference in feel
The wax of Apis Cerana Beeswax is harder and does not stick to your hands, but the fatty oil on the surface of the Beeswax is more plentiful and has a good slippery feel. Two pieces of Apis Cerana Beeswax will have a hard and crisp sound when knocked together. The wax of West Beeswax is soft and sticky. It will have uncomfortable stickiness when touched by hand. When two pieces of West Beeswax are knocked together, the sound is dull and not crisp. Use the thumb to gently push the surface of West Beeswax. A small amount of waxy powder appears.
The difference in composition
Experts use carbon number to detect beeswax. Eastern beeswax and Apis Mellifera Beeswax have different elements and ratios of elements. The test data are as follows.
Apis Cerana Beeswax: monoester content is 33.5%, hydrocarbon content is 14.6%, free acid content is 1.6%West Beeswax: Monoester content is 43%, hydrocarbon content is 12.3%, free acid content is 9%
Through these data, it can be found that the monoester content, hydrocarbon content, and free acid content of Apis Cerana Beeswax and Apis Mellifera Beeswax have different degrees of difference, especially the free acid content of eastern beeswax and the free acid content of Apis Mellifera Beeswax. The acid content varies a lot.
Actually, in reality, Apis Cerana Beeswax can be regarded as high-quality beeswax, and its use is more biased towards food-grade applications such as food and medicine. It is not only humans who choose Apis Cerana Beeswax as a food-grade product, but wild bees also prefer Apis Cerana Beeswax, because Apis Cerana Beeswax does not contain propolis, the wax is more pure and the taste is more refreshing. If you want to use beeswax to penetrate the bees, you must choose Apis Cerana Beeswax, so that the bees can penetrate faster and the bee penetration effect is better