Encyclopedia knowledge of beeswax

Identification method of beeswax

1. Appearance: Beeswax is a regular or irregular solid at room temperature. It melts into liquid at 62°C (melting point is different due to the source of beeswax and purification process). The density is slightly smaller than water and can float on the water. It is easy to be confused with paraffin wax (mineral wax) from the morphological point of view. Therefore, it is most common to pretend beeswax with paraffin wax, but the two can be distinguished by other characteristics.

2. Color: The color of beeswax varies due to different purification processes. In fact, pure beeswax is white, but most of the beeswax usually seen is not pure beeswax, which inevitably contains a certain amount of fat-soluble carotenoids or other pigments And other ingredients, resulting in beeswax mostly light yellow, yellow, yellow brown or dark brown, etc., and because of this, beeswax is also called yellow wax in some places.

3. Smell: The smell of beeswax varies with bee species, nectar sources and processes, but no matter what beeswax is genuine, it has a fragrance similar to honey and pollen. In fact, the characteristics of beeswax can also be used to identify the real Fake, for example, beeswax faked with paraffin wax has no fragrance or peculiar smell, while fake beeswax made with stearic acid or animal and vegetable fats has a foul or fishy smell.

4. Texture: The texture of beeswax is soft and greasy. The hand slides on the wax surface and feels astringent. The nails are sticky and easy to stick to the nails. If they are repeatedly kneaded, they can be softened and twisted into a strip. It is easier to break, but the broken ends are neat and the cross-section is extremely granular. The fake beeswax faked with paraffin wax feels very slippery, and the wax can be scraped out with nails and it is not sticky. In addition, the cross-section is not granular after being broken.